Tango is the third partner dance that has the man and woman facing each other using an embrace. The first two were the Viennese Waltz from the 1830’s, and the Polka in the 1840’s. Tango is heralded as the first partner dance to be entirely improvised, and outside of stage tango, social Tango is still so. Tango dancing started in what you may consider the slums, the docks, where the working people were. Tango is described as having an African influence before molding into it’s own. Around 1912 with additional international travel, the dance traveled to Europe, and shortly after to America. This lead to evolution of the walk, the posture, adding sequences, and the birth of new forms of ballroom Tango. This popularity also influenced Tangos rising to the elites of Argentina and brought it more into the nation. Social dancing through this time varied with styles, but most could be traced back to more prominent teachers.
The 1980s and 1990s, with new music, a re showcasing of the Tango in the 80s in Paris, re-sparked Tango internationally, leading to new exploration of the music, connection, movements, in what some would call nuevo or neo Tango. Tango now starts to have multiple meanings in the dance world depending on where you are. Around the mid 1990s, from the rise in popularity, the rise of Argentine Tango as a label to stand out with it’s set of rules bringing the roots and teachings from Argentina. If you dance Tango, it can mean any of the variations, but if you dance Argentine Tango, it has in grained in it the social and improvisational aspects which stands out on its own.